Flashcard Exercise

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Allegoryrepresentation of abstract ideas as actions and characters
Allusiona symbol for the word “and”
Toneauthor's attitude toward the subject matter
Catharsisemotional purging
Anachronismsomething out of place and time
Annotateprovide explanatory notes
Antagonistopposes the main character
Metaphorimplied comparison
Anthology

published collection of works or parts of works by an author or several authors
Parablebrief fictional work teaching a lesson
Archetypeoriginal model on which copies are made
Acronymthe repetition of initial sounds
Autobiographypersonal account of one's life
Bardpoet
BellesLettresbeautiful letters
Bibliographylist of sources
Burlesquecomic or mocking imitation of something serious
Realismway of representing life that emphasizes ordinary people
Stereotypejudgment based on only one aspect of a person's character
Ampersanda word formed from the initial letters of other words
Characters
people in the story
Flat Characterone-sided (emotions)
End rhymerhyming of words at the ends of lines of poetry
Dynamic Characteralways changing (actions)
Indirect Characterizationlearn about characters actions, dialogue, etc.
Invocationcalling upon a divine power for aid
Clichéoverused expression or idea
Speakerperson talking in a poem
Colloquial
conversational
Thememain idea of a piece of literature
Synonymswords with virtually the same meaning
Internal struggle is the main conflictMan vs.Self
Imagerysensory details
Character against the environmentMan vs. Nature
Thesaurusdictionary of synonyms
Continuous Formlines follow each other without formal grouping
Symbolsomething concrete represents something else
Conflict beyond one's controlMan vs. Supernatural
Hyperboleextreme exaggeration
Character against another characterMan vs. Man
Consonancerepetition of final consonant sounds
Paginationnumbering of pages
Denouementfinal solution of a play or story
Fixed Formtraditional pattern that applies to a whole poem
Assonancerepetition of vowel sounds
Dialectmajor subdivision of a language
Parodyintended to mock a particular literary work or its style
Soliloquyspeech in which character does not address others
Repetitionrepeating a word or phase to stress its importance
Analogya comparison of two or more objects, suggesting that if they are alike in certain respects, they will probably be alike in other ways as well
Scansionthe analysis of the rhythm of any given verse
Third Person Omniscientall knowing; the narrator knows everything about the characters
Discourseall communication in language
Dialogueconversation of characters
Dramaform of literature known as plays
Prefacebrief introduction to a work stating an author’s intention (foreword)
Connotationmeaning reader believes the word means
Balladnarrative in the oral tradition
Ellipsisused to indicate leaving out a word or passage
Inferencereasonable conclusion
Plagiarismduplicating another writer's work without giving proper credit
Epigramshort saying, usually satirical or ironic
Monologuean extended speech by one person
Euphemismusing a less direct, offensive word or phrase
Similea comparison using like or as
Epitaphinscription on a tomb
Epithetdescriptive name given to a person
Narrative poetrypoetry tells a story
Conflictthe problem or struggle in a story
Eulogyspoken or written praise, often of somebody dead
Flashbackinterruption to show episode from the past
Extended metaphormetaphor developed at great length
Farcehighly humorous and improbable plot
Figurative Languageusing figures of speech to heighten meaning
Vignettewritten or verbal sketch of a brief scene or incident
Fantasytakes place in an unreal world
Protagonistmain character
Syntaxword order
Character against the systemMan vs. Society
Personaa role or character
Third Personoutside narrator tells the story
Folklorecustoms, legends, songs, and stories of a people or nation
Genreform or type of literature
Biographystory of one's life written by someone else
Denotationdictionary definition
Homophonessound alike, spelled differently
Foilcontrast or challenge to another character
i.e.“that is”
Paraphraserewording
Fictionwriting from a writer's imagination
Climaxmajor turning point
Poetic Devicesterms used to describe features of a poem
Homonymsspelled alike, sound alike, but have different meanings
Motif
recurring things a piece of literature
Alliterationreference to something well-known
Foreshadowinghint to the reader of what is to come
Proseliterary writing not marked by rhyme or meter
Elegya lyric poem on death or some other sombre subject
Onomatopoeiawords sounding like the thing being discussed
Verbal ironyopposite of what you say
Irony of situationexact opposite of what you expect to happen, happens
Carpe Diem“seize the day”
Moodemotions the reader feels
Malapropismtype of pun that results when two words become jumbled in the speaker’s mind
Diacritical marksindicate pronunciation
Static Characternever-changing (actions)
First Personnarrator is a character is in the story
Vernacularnative language of any particular place
Metonymyone thing is substituted for another thing with which it is actually associated
Refrainphrase of line repeated at regular intervals
Prologuesomething that precedes and serves to introduce the main body of a work
Novellong work of narrative prose
Antonymsopposite meanings
Stylemanner of expression characteristic of the author
Myth
traditional story connected with religion of a people
Antithesisbalancing of two contrasting things
Characterizationmethod of acquainting readers with characters
Nonfictionwriting about real people, places, things, and events
Novellaprose fiction shorter than a novel
Trilogygroup of three related works
et. al“and others”
Odelyric poem usually composed in complex stanza form and intended to praise
Oxymoroncontradictory terms placed together
Internal Rhymerhyme that happens inside a line of poetry
Palindromeword or phrase reading the same forwards and backwards
Asidespoken to the audience
Paradoxstatement that seems contrasting to common sense yet may be true
Sonnetshort poem, usually 14 lines
Anonymousbearing no name
Rhyme schemepattern of rhyme in a stanza
Idiomcustomary expression
Lyric poetryrich in musical devices
Neoclassicism
writing that shows the influence of the Romans and Greeks
Tragedyliterature in which the character suffers disaster after a serious struggle but faces his or her downfall with heroic stature
Dramatic ironyevents or facts are understood by the reader, but not the characters
Jargonlanguage of a trade or profession
Philosophical Phraseswise, brief sayings embodying a moral
Poet Laureatechief poet of a nation
Poetryrhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery that appeals to emotions and imagination
Shape Formmade to look like the topic which it addresses
Direct Characterizationauthor tells about characters
Dramatic poetrycharacters speak in their own person, just like those in a stage play
Ironycontrast between what appears to be and what really is
Personificationgiving human qualities to non-living objects
Synecdochepart is substituted for the whole
Pun
play on words
Satireliterary tone used to ridicule or make fun of human vice or weakness, often with the intent of correcting, or changing the way things are
Point of Viewrelationship between the teller of the story and the characters
Redundantunnecessary use of words
Epiclong narrative poem
Rhetoricart of persuasion by speech or writing
Fablesimple story teaching a lesson, generally with animals as characters
Rhythmarrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables
Romancelong narrative with adventure, love, and magic
Plotsequence of events in a story
Round Charactermany-sided (emotionally)
Surrealbizarre, fantastic
Stanzaic Formpoet writes in a series of stanzas